How is a sword
A sword is a bladed weapon with two edges. It usually has a straight sharp blade and a handle. Humans started using them during the IVth millennium before Christ. At the beginning, swords were manufactured in copper, in bronze later, in iron afterwards and, finally, in steel.
- Blade: It is usually made in steel and it is considered the most important part of the sword. It can be sharp in one or both edges.
- Hilt: The part that allows to control and handle the sword.
- Loop - Guard: In this part they are some decorative elements and protections for the hand.
- Basket Guard: Kind of guard characteristic from Renaissance Era.
- Ferrule: Metal ring to reinforce the blade's base
- Guard: Protection for the hand of the person who is gripping the sword.
- Cross: The part between the blade and the handle of the sword.
- Quillon: Transverse arms to the blade that form the cross of the sword.
- Beading: Lining on the handle to get a better grip.
- Scabbard: Protective cover for the sword.
Some types of Swords
- Scimitar: Width blade sword with only one edge.
- Kabila Sword: This Arab sword is a hybrid between Jineta Sword and Scimitar
- Jineta Sword: Nasrid sword with straight blade.
- Sabre: Curve sword mainly used by cavalry.
- Bracamarte: One edge sword that is curved in the upper part of the blade.
- Claymore: Scottish two-handed sword.
- Rapier: Renaissance sword with straight blade and one-handed.
- Dress Sword: Sword ancestor and used at fencing.
- Tuck: Narrow blade sword with a sharply point to pierce mail armors.
- Falcata: Iberian Peninsula sword used by iberian and celtiberian tribes.
- Foil: long and flexible sword.
- Gladius: Ancient Rome typical sword used by legions.
- Spatha: Ancient Rome sword derived from Gladius.
- Jian: Chinese sword with straight blade.
- Jian: Arma China de hoja recta.
- Khopesh: Ancient Egipt sword with curve blade
- Montante: Two-handed sword with long quillon.
- Broadsword: Two-handle big sword.
- Longsword: Hand and a half European sword.
- Ronfez: Long sword.
- Sica: Curved sword used by Thracian, Dacian and Illyrian tribus.
- Schiavona: Kind of rapier sword typical form Italy.
- Dao: Chinese sword with one edge curved blade.
- Flyssa: Straight blade sabre from Kabyles Bereber tribe.
- Iaito: Blunt blade sword, similar to katanas, used to training.
- Katana: Typical japanese sword.
- Shamsir: Typical muslim scimitar.
- Talwar: Also known as tulwar, it is a curved sword from Indian subcontinent.
- Wakizashi: This sword is similar to Katanas, but shorter.
- Yatagán: It is a single-edged sword used by Ottomans from XVIth to XIXth century.
Swords Made in Toledo
During Medieval Ages, Toledo was the cradle of the famous swords made in Toledo. These weapons were made by celtiberian blacksmiths which were living in those lands. Some historical chronicles say that Anibal Carthaginian troops holded iberian falcatas. During Medieval Ages, Templar Swords lived together with arab swords into the City of the Three Cultures.
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