Roman Spatha with sheath, S. II
Roman Spatha with sheath, S. II. The blade of this sword is made of steel EN45 high carbon content. The handle is made of wood. Includes sheath of wood lined leather with decorations in brass. From the end of s. II.d.C, the roman spatha gradually began to replace the gladius. In the third century, had already become the standard weapon of the legionaries and auxiliaries roman imperial and also was commonly used by the gladiators. The exact origins of the spatha, as well as the reasons why they replaced it so quickly to the gladius efficient and very feared during the Roman Empire in the mid-to-late, it is still debated much among historians, archaeologists and enthusiasts of Ancient Rome until today. Although it is commonly believed that the spathae are afro-celtic and that they owe their rapid popularity to the changes in combat techniques and military tactics both in the infantry as in the cavalry of the roman. The lack of reliable sources on the topic, unfortunately, often leads to speculation and simplifications excessive. of a much more complex reality.