Medieval costumes and accessories

Speaking of medieval costumes requires to transport ourselves to the history of the Middle-Ages, to its culture, its people, their habits and beliefs, their socio-economic structure, etc. The Medieval costume includes and represents all these aspects, therefore, it helps to place ourselves in the context of the time. We must see clothing as a part of the historical civilization.

From our century, we can enter the IXth to XVth century,  “get into the medieval”, trying to understand the context in which the events happened, customs and costumes of its people .

Among the medieval costumes for men, women, boys and girls we can also find shirts, coats, gambesones, pants, dresses, surcoats, etc. Currently, most medieval costumes factories follow an exhaustive study, classifying them according to the stage and the medieval feature matching.

Without understanding the way we do nowadays, the concept of “fashion”, the medieval costume used to mark itself as a trend, the width of the sleevs, the lenght of the dresses, the necklines, the materials people used such as cotton, linen, wool, etc. All this was more or less considered, depending on the social class to which they belonged.

According to that social class, the clothes could have drawings, embroidery and the finest and elaborate fabrics. The pages belonging to different houses wore the color that represented the name of their master.

The medieval costume will never go out of fashion, on the contrary, the pass of time plays on its side and makes it more and more valuable and very appreciated. Whether for men, women, girls or boys, we can find different styles as Arab, Goya, Renaissance, Templar, etc.

The accessories for medieval costumes such as belts, straps, tahalis or leggings, are manufactured according to the hierarchy and materials typical of the era.

Medieval bag with rivets
Medieval bag with rivets

Among the accessories we can also find bags, bracelets, pads and hats. Leather was one of the prefferd materials for the manufacture of complements because of its durability; formerly, the quality of things used to be measured by the time they lasted.

Swords and daggers belt
Swords and daggers belt

The rings, pendants, earings and brooches complement the beauty of the costumes. The owners of the wealthiest houses shone gemstones, and not only on holidays, and the ladies used to spend many hours in front of the mirror, surrounded by their maids.

Sterling silver Templar ring

The costumes are inspired by medieval characters from kings, queens, maids, troubadours, knights, peasants to beggars. But the most sought after are the Templar Knights costumes. The children of the time weren´t less important, they became the center of attention at the royal parties, especially the girls, that, at a pretty short age behaved like real ladies.

 The boys were more playful, loved swords, bows, shields and, in general, everything related to fighting. They enjoyed imitating their parents, soldiers or knight to the royal service and took every opportunity to train alongside.

As for costumes used at medieval parties, we can´t ignore the Renaissance cut. It is ideal for weddings and events and very common in Spain and throughout Europe generally. There are many old castles that have become true medieval palaces, perfectly suited for all kinds of events, tournaments and medieval-themed celebrations.

That is why this type of costumes and accessories are highly demanded. And though occasionally and symbolically, we like to remeber those times, the customs and traditions of the people; it is almost the only thing that binds us.

Medieval keychains

The interest in medieval times crosses borders and it´s the story of great Hollywood film productions and the most successful TV series in box office and audience. It seems that the pass of time makes medieval times more fashionable.

Templar shirt

SEE MEN´S MEDIEVAL CLOTHING

SEE WOMEN´S MEDIEVAL CLOTHING

SEE MEDIEVAL ACCESORIES

SEE MEDIEVALS CLOTHING AND ACESORIES CHILDRENS

Lorica Segmentata

The Lorica was the typical armor of the Roman Legions though they didn´t use this name (lorica) for their armor, in fact, it is unknown how it was called. The name “lorica segmentata” (sectioned armor) is used since the sixteenth century, but the Roman legions used this type of armor since the late first century BC. It allowed greater flexibility than the rigid form of body armor as it consisted of four principal elements or units (one for each shoulder and one for each side of the torso) divided in several metal strips (usually iron) that were arranged on the soldier’s body horizontally, around his chest and back. Were attached inside through vertical leather bands, which were fixed to each of the metal strips. The armor could be opened from the side so that the soldier could remove it. Also consisted of other upright metal strips that were placed on the shoulders and protected them. The arms were unprotected, although this was not of great importance, since in compact formation, the shield is carried in left and gladius, unsheathed on the right, next to the hip, thus being both protected.

Lorica Segmentata

The lorica segmentata was an engineering masterpiece of the legions. Believe it or not, one of its advantages is that easily dismounted by loosening the buckles and leather strips closures. Also, was kept in a small space which helped in transportation. Regarding functionality, is more comfortable than other medieval armor created in later centuries. His cassation came not so much for its effectiveness but because of the decline of the Roman legions.

Metal Lorica Segmentata

TYPES OF LORICA SEGMENTATA

The Kalkriese: This version is based on the archaeological reconstructions of a variety of fragments, focused largely on the breastplate found in Kalkriese (Germany) in 1994, where the Legionaries of Carnuntum camp was located. This type of lorica was used since 20 BC until 50 AD.

Kalkriese Lorica Segmentata
The Kalkriese breastplate (one of the finest examples of abreastplate of any type to survive)

The Corbridge: This style of armor is composed of four basic assemblies – two “collar-shoulder” halves and two “torso-girdle” halves. Note that all the components are connected by leather straps and buckles. This was the first style of lorica segmentata armor and was the most comfortable to wear. It was also more complicated and difficult to assemble, being composed of about 40 separate plates.

The first recorded excavated examples of this type were found in the Carnuntum Waffenmagazin deposit,where a range of parts from both lower and upper units was discovered.

Corbridge Lorica parts
Left Upper Shoulder Guard and Left Rear Shoulder Guard Plate

The Newstead: the type-find itself was discovered in 1905 when James Curle was excavating in the well within the headquarters building at Newstead, though very fragmentary and incomplete. During the second half of the 20th century, finds of segmental armour began to be made north of theDanube; although limited in number, they contained recognisable fragments of Newstead-typearmour.

The Alba Iulia: Apparently it was a variant of the other loricas segmentatas.  This form of the cuirass is known only from the high-relief sculpture found at the legionary base of Alba Iulia in Romania.

Alba Iulia Lorica Segmentata

Due to its particular structure, the construction of the lorica segmentata required more experience of the blacksmith and therefore cost more money. This is due to the fact that between the second and third centuries, due to constant economic crises, this type of armor disappeared and Roman troops would switch to only wear chainmail, or would stop carrying protection, causing greater vulnerability of the army, in a period during which the barbarian invasions were very numerous.

SEE LORICA SEGMENTATA

SEE BATTLE-READY ARMORS

Lord of the Rings Swords

Since its release, this epic fantasy novel hasn´t stopped growing the buzz around the Swords of the Lord of the Rings. The innovative design brings all the mythical fantasy that a record-breaking film requires, from all points of view. Its history is set in the Third Age of Middle-Earth, a fictional place inhabited by men and other anthropomorphic races as hobbits, elves and dwarves, as well as many other real or fantastic creatures.

High Elf Sword Hobbit

The novel traces the journey of the main character, the hobit Frodo Baggins, in his intent to destroy the One Ring and the subsequent war that will cause the enemy to recover, as the ring is the main source of power of its creator, the Dark Lord Sauron.

LEGOLAS KNIVES

The son of King Thranduil of Black Forest Elves went to Rivendel to deliver a messagge from his father: the creature Gollum, who had been captured and delivered by Gandalf to Thranduil to watch him, had escaped. It ended thus participating in the Council of Elrond and forming part of the Fellowship of the Ring. Elf Legolas was tall, handsom with bright gray eyes, long brown and green dress, an excellent archer with a marvelous and pervasive view that could see at a distance, that ordinary mortals could not and even exceeded that of many elves. He walked agile and his feet hardly touched the ground. When he was sleeping, he layed with his eyes half closed, dreaming of beatiful things. For the fight he was always accompanied by a white bow and a knife, although in the film appear two daggers, deadly weapons for orcs and for the rest of his enemies.

Legolas knive.- Lord of the rings Swords

ANDURIL SWORD

The Anduril Sword is the sword wielded by Aragorn in the movie The Lord of the Rings. It was predicted that the Narsil would not be forged until the One Ring did not return, which the Sages wished it never happened. But thousands of years later Faramir and Boromir had a dream in which they were said that, along with the reappearance of “Isildur´s Bane” it would forge the sword that was broken and “the new king ” would crownless. The answer to the riddle was found by Boromir in Rivendel. There the sword was forged again, at the end of the Third Age, for Aragorn, receiving a new name: Anduril, Sindarin word that can be translated as “Call of the West”. Aragorn carried the sword during the War of the Ring so the sword was back again to defeat the Dark.

 Anduril sword.- The lord of the rings swords

GLAMDRING SWORD

The Glamdring sword was forged by the elves for King Turgon of Gondolin, one of the High Kings of the Noldor. It was the twin sword of Orcrist, the weapon of the Ecthelion of the Fountain, Captain of the City. The sword disappeared after the fall of Gondolin, at the end of the First Age of Arda, being discovered in the Third Age by Gandalf, Bilbo Baggins and the company of dwarves (as told in “The hobbit”) in a troll cave, as part of a treasure whose origins could be placed in the sack of Gondolin. Right next to it appeared a short sword (hobbit size, that the elves would consider a dagger) also elvish, which Gandalf gave to Bilbo, who, in the course of the adventure named it Sting. The name “Glamdring” is a compound word in Sindarin, Gandalf translated as “Hammer of enemies”, although the term “glam” is more specific and refers to Glamhoth, “the raucous horde”, ie the orcs.

Glamdring sword.- The lord of the rings swords

NARSIL SWORD

According to the tradition, the dwarf blacksmith Nogrod forged it in Telchar, one of the dwarf cities of the Blue Mountains of the Middle-Earth, during the First Age. At the end of the Second Age, Narsil was wielded by Elendil the Tall, King of Arnor and Gondor after the fall of Númenor, in the War of the Last Alliance against Sauron´s armies. In the final battle, at the foot of Mount Doom, after the death of Gil-Galad (last king of the Noldor) at the hands of Sauron, Elendil attacked Sauron though aware of his possible death. Isildur, son of Elendil, pulled Sauron down and cut his finger on which he wore the One Ring with the blade from the handle. The shards of Narsil were taken to the North along with the Ring, by Isildur. He was eventually embushed by orcs in what was called the “Disaster of the Gladden Fields”. The ring was lost in the river Anduin, but the shards of the Narsil were taken to Rivendel by Ohtar, Isildur´s squire and one of the three survivors of the ambush. The shards of Narsil were since then inherit by the kingdom of Arnor, until the end of the kingdom, after which the captains of the Dúnedain, descendants of the kings of Arnor, preserved the fragments in Rivendel.

Narsil sword.- The lord of the rings swords

THE STING (FRODO´S SWORD)

Hero of the novel, son of Drogo Baggins and Primula Brandybuck. After the death of his parents, his uncle Bilbo adopted him and named him his heir, a fact that led his to posses the One Ring.

Frodo sword.- The lord of the rings swords

STRIDER SWORD

It was used by Aragorn before he was given the Anduril. Aragorn was the captain of the rangers of the North, the second with that name, son of Arathorn II and Gilraen, nicknamed Strider in Bree, known as Thorongil (The Eagle Star) in Rohan and Gondor during the days of Thengel and Ecthelion II, a boy known as Estel Rivendell (“Hope”), captain of the free peoples during the War of the Ring and then ruler of the unified kingdon of Gondor and Arnor.

Strider sword.- The lord of the rings swords

WITCHKING SWORD

It is the sword used by the Witch King in The Lord of the Rings, leader of the nine Spectra, the indestructible servants of Sauron. They were once mortal kings of men that Sauron corrupted with his Ring of Power. They are also called Black Riders of Nazgûl, they can feel the Ring when it is near and clearly see when the wearer puts it on. The Witchking was made by the blacksmiths in the land of Mordor, under the command of Lord Sauron.

Witchking sword.- The lord of the rings swords

ARWEN SWORD

Arwen’s sword is called Hadhafang which means Throng-cleaver. It once belonged to the Elven Princess Idril, who wed a mortal man and bore Eärendil, the father of Elrond who in turn was father to Arwen. Before Arwen’s birth, Elrond wielded Hadhafang at the end of the second age of “Middle-Earth,” during the Last Alliance of Elves and Men in the great battle against Sauron on the slopes of Mount Doom. Later his daughter, Arwen, used Hadhafang when she aided Frodo in his escape from the Ringwraiths. Inscribed on the blade are runes in the Elven language of Sindarin that say “aen estar Hadhafang i chathol hen, thand arod dan i thang an i arwen.” Which transfers to “this blade is called Hadhafang, a noble defense against the enemy throng for a noble lady.”

 Arwen sword.- The lord of the rings swords

Where to buy the swords of The Lord of the Rings? The Medieval-shop offers you the whole colecction of swords of the Lord of the Rings and Hobbit.

SWORDS LORD OF THE RINGS AND HOBBIT

SWORD MOVIES

Celtic Swords

The Celtic people, one of the largest and most warlike people of Europe, came, according to some writings, from Asia and other area of Greece. The Celts loved the culture and because of defense issues they came to create art of the war. They lived in clans, consolidating marriages between them, to create groups loyal to the same Lord, like in Scotland. They learned to sail, to move and defend their territory from the Vikings.

Celtic Short Sword

From about 800 B.C., Indo-European groups begin to migrate to the Iberian Peninsula, commonly called Celts, from Central Europe. They reached the Peninsula before the Greeks and, in contact with the Iberians, developed a unique cultural fusion.

Celtic warriors swords

In ancient times, the Celts were the masters of metal and this was reflected in their high quality weapons. The Romans adopted from them many weapons, from Gallic helmets to Celtiberian swords and the chain mail.

Celtic sword

The last vestiges of Celtic peoples of the Hallstatt culture settled in the center of the Iberian Peninsula, in Galicia, León and Asturias. they tended to use short swords, daggers, horseshoe knives and antennae swords.

Celtic sword

Espada Celta antenas funcional

  • Tumulus.- In this period of the Bronze Age swords were short and made in broze; they used to be triangular and decorated with Celtic spirals.
  • Iron Age, first period.- Iron swords with bronze tang and scabbard.
  • Iron Age, second period.- Scabbard with no handle, just a flange attached to its body.
  • Iron Age, third period.- The scabbard incorporates an iron crossbar and the tip of the blade is rounded.

The Celtic Iron Age Swords were quite long in contrast to the small size of the ones in the Bronze Age. In their struggle with the Romans, the historians of the time, like Polybius, described the fragility of the Celtic swords in battle…

“the swords of the Celtic warriors were twisted or folded and they had to be straighten with the foot. This happened because the iron was bad tempered, which was the only drawback this weapons had.”

Old Celtic sword

Celtic sword with aged endings

In the Celtic sword from Tene, a town on Lake Neuchatel in Switzerland, carved ornaments abound in the scabbards. In its decoration predominate geometric spirals, circles, etc.

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Battle Ready Swords

Battle ready swords are prepared for fighting, carbon steel blade, full tang and more resistant to melee. These are some of the features that must fulfill a training sword: one of the differences between a decorative and a battle ready is the lack of screen printing on the second; the sobriety of its elements is another characteristic note; some of them are made with aged blade.

Functional Falchion XIV century

Here we show some functional combat swords with grooved blade (daggers or knives in the next picture are made with stainless steel).

Battle Ready Celtic Sword
Battle Ready Celtic Sword

Hand training sword

In the picture above we see the One-handed Sword for training, recreation and fighting with wooden scabbard included; classic style, rounded pommel and crossguard; the blade is grooved and it´s tempered 1065 carbon steel, hardened to 50HRC, blunt and without tips.

Sword XI century Norman practices
Viking sword (battle ready)
Battle ready templar sword
Templar sword (battle ready)
Battle ready Gothic sword
Gothic sword (battle ready)

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