Types of Sabres

Sabre is curve sword and with only one edge. This blade´s curvature is its main difference with the sword. It provides a higher combat speed, because it cuts bt the blade doesn’t  remain into the enemy’s body.

Types of Sabres

Sabre is mainly used as a gala dinner element in army military uniforms from Sea, Earth and Air.

Types of Sabres

Its curvature, which goes from its half to its sharp point, allows a deep cut. So if a soldier riding a horse use it to attack arival who is not, he will make a tangential cut on the opponent. So, the wound will start to bleed immediately. That´s why cavalry sabres are more curved than the infantry´s ones, given that the last ones must take into account the defensive fonction.

Types of Sabres

Nowadays, sabres is along with foil and rapier sword, one of the three fencing´s weapons. It has a protection for the hand with a shape of a cup. Its length is 90 cm and its weight is 500 g. We obtain points in fencing,  touching our rival with our sword´s sharp point or cutting him/her with our  blade. We can only attack our rival´s torso including the head and the arms.  Sabre assaults are the fastest in fencing, that´s why a good physical condition is needed.

Types of Sabres

Sabre is also used in “The Ard” a traditional belly martial dance from Egypt. Where men carried their sabres in a vertical way, ready to fight while they danced. It implied to move the weapon over their heads, hips, shoulders, stomaches…

Types of Sabres

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Amazing Japanese Helmets

We can’t deny that Japanese helmets inspire amazement and admiration because of their beauty and brightness. Samurai Warriors were brave and disciplined soldiers, whose way of fighting and combat suits became noteworthy.

Amazing Japanese Helmets

Japanese helmets date from Vth century, they had a very pronounced middle crest. The most famous were Kabutos given that they were also a part of soldier´s equipment. It´s thought they had a symbolic meaning.

Amazing Japanese Helmets

They were ceremonial, sophisticated and well prepared helmets. The most luxurious continued to be made until the end of Edo Age, in 1867.

Amazing Japanese Helmets

 

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Catholic Kings Sword

This is one of the more spectacular swords (broadsword) in Spain History. With this weapon, both Fernando de Aragón and Isabel de Castilla  (Catholic Kings) gave the title of knight to Christopher Colombus after he returned from his first rip to America. In the Throne Hall Barcelona Royal Palace, Colon became Ocean Almirant and Indian Viceroy.

Catholic Kings SwordThis kind of broadsword was a ceremonial one, like an standard bearer it was used in every public or religious act during their reign, such as Granada’ sconquer or the beginnig of Spain as nation.

Catholic Kings Sword

Pope Alexander the IVth gave to Fernando the II of Aragón the title of Catholic King in 1469, as a compensation given that previously he had named King of France as the most Christian king. We must take into account that back in the days France and Aragón fought for getting the control of Italy, threatening Pontifical States too.

Later, History have declared both Fernando and Isabel to be Catholick Kings, but this is a disputable matter because we don’ thave historical proofs of this events.

This couple got married in Vivero’s Palace in Valladolid on the 19th October 1469, she was 18 and he was 17, they spent their honeymoon in Fuensaldaña’s castle.

This marriage supposed the union of Aragón and Castilla´s crowns. This reign also meant the transition towards modern age in Spain.

 

Catholic Kings Sword

Catholic Kings, supported by cities and little aristocracy, established an strong monarchy. After conquering; Granada, Navarra, Melilla and other african places; they obtained the territorial union of the entire Spain but Ceuta and Olivenza which belonged to Portugal,under an only crown.

Catholic Kings made successful foreing affairs politics thanks to the diplomatic personality of Fernando el Católico who achieved the Hispanic hegemony during the XVIth and XVIIth century. America’ s discovery supposed a remarkable fact.

This discovery helped to develop Spanish economy and science, but also implied the huge expansion of its culture for the next centuries.

Catholic Kings Sword

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Emblematic Greek Helmets

The most famous among all the greek helmets was the Corinthian, which had a protection for both cheeks and nose. It covered almost the entire head but eyes, mouth and chin.

Emblematic Greek Helmets

They have a clear disadvantage, they reduced notably soldier´s visibility and audition, so he was only able to see what he had in front of him. Later, it was updated to leave ears into the open for  letting the soldier hearing. We did the same thing, reducing the cheeks protection to wide the field of vision.

The richest hoplites had better quality helmets, decorated with engraved or paintings. A lot of them put in their helmets some plumes made of mane which looked as a ponytail sometimes. This ornament was progressively reduced for reasons fo convenience.

From Vth century some hoplites tinted the plumes of their helmets with the same colours, like the spartans who made it with black and white stripes.

Casco Corintio, penacho bicolor

Greek helmets were inside covered of felt, skin or linen, to soft hits in the soldier´s head.

 

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Vikings and Normand Helmets

Viking is the name given to those who lived in Nordic countries from Scandinavia, well known by their intrusions and/or sacking in Europe since the VIIIth century. To be exact in the year 793 with the Monastry of Lindisfarne sacking in the north of Great Britain, which one was the first of many that came later. They usually behave during the sackings in a very cruel way, what terrified the entire continent because it was impossible to predict when, where and how they would appear.

Vikings and Normand Helmets

For the following centuries, Vikings and their descendants had a huge influence in the european history. In British Islands they ruled for many years until being defeated by Normands, a group of Vikings’ descendants who lived in France. They founded in Italy the Normand Kindom of Sicily, and even with their incursions they achieved to influence in Cordoba´s Caliphate and Byzantine Empire. Sailing the rivers they could get to Baltic Sea and Russia where there are some zones linked to vikings adventurers.

Vikings and Normand Helmets

The end of Viking Empire coincide with King Harald’ s fall, in StamfordBridge Battle, in the year 1066 when he was trying to conquer England. Although nordic influence was still relevant;  Normands’ acculturation process happened in France, England and Italy, several victories of France which allowed this country to secure its shores and Christianization of Scandinavia implied the dissapearance of this empire.

Normands were scandinavians invaders, mostly danish, they started to occupy north-east France (the current Normandy) in the second half of IXth century. Under the leadership of Hrolf Ganger, Rollo or Rollon french named, they swore lloyalty to King of France (Charles the simple) and they received what later would become Normandy´s Duchy.

They had a polytheistic religion with a lot of supernatural beings (what is told in the Eddas), they knew the runic writing, they were organized in tribes, they had a primitive agriculture and stockbreeding. However, they were sailor experts and they build light and tough boats.

Vikings and Normand Helmets

Normands from Neustria, were gradually adopting Christianism but also french language and culture. iIt supposed the creation of a cultural identity which combined their ancients and also local inhabitants knowledge. Everything under the souverainty of King of france, creating a powerful duchy with some specific skills like the ones related to the sea.

Their expansion beyond Normand took them to play a leading role in medieval europe. A group of normand adventurers conquered the Kingdom of Sicily  and an expedition led by Duke William derived into the normand conquer of England. Thanks to this two strategic places their influence got to Middle Orient.

It´s said that their migrations were due to several factors, such as:

A search of better places to live, the escape or banishment of defeated tribes, commercial trades, adventurer spirit, pursuit of conquest…

Vikings and Normand Helmets

Their famous helmets with horns are nothing but a wrong idea diffused by Hollywood, in fact they didn’t exist. Normand and vikings were fearsome, strong and big warriors that´s why it hadn’ t been a very good war strategy or tactic to have  horn in helmets, it would suppose to give the enemy the chance to hurt them.

Horns were used as symbol of power and force. When warriors were buried they carry horns with them as religious symbol.

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