Edward, the Black Prince, Prince of Wales (Woodstock, June 15, 1330 - † London, June 8, 1376), better known by his nickname Black Prince (due to the armor used), was the eldest son of the English king Edward III and his wife, Philippa of Hainault.
Born in Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire County in 1330. In 1333 he became Earl of Chester and created as first Duke of Cornwall on 13 March 1337. In 1343, with thirteen years of age was proclaimed Prince of Wales, in his as heir to the throne of his father. He was also appointed as a member of the Order of the Garter, founded by his father. It was a brilliant military leader, showing his bravery at sixteen years old at the Battle of Crecy. He also participated in a risky and decided against the French during the Hundred Years' War.
Dfter signing a pact with King Charles II of Navarre, fought against the armies of Juan II of France. In 1356, participating in the operations of the war against France, Eduardo commanded an army of more than seven thousand soldiers. He led his forces in the struggle, achieved a great victory over the French heavy cavalry at the Battle of Poitiers. In that decisive action seizes King John II of France, leading hostage England. With the signing of the Treaty of Brétigny (1360), King of France regains his freedom yielding valuable land to the British, and this time his father named him Duke and lieutenant of Guyenne and Aquitaine.
Posteriormbeing transferred his residence to Castile, politically it ties with King Pedro I and together they fight against Enrique de Trastámara, an ally of Carlos V of France. In that war his forces defeat at the Battle of Nájera in 1367.