Scottish swords history
These swords were devised, developed and created by the Scottish highlanders. They were blades atypical to those known to date, since they were very long swords (reaching between 120 and 170cm), usually suitable to the height of the warrior and had a handle twice as long, that given the length of the sword, it allowed to use the weapon with 2 hands for its perfect handling.
Scottish swords types and characteristics
Three types of Scottish swords are known; the Claymore, the cazolette, and the sword of William Wallace.
- Swords with cup: In these swords, the handle is protected by a bowl or a basket of steel that provided a powerful guard, which allowed the warrior who wielded the sword to stop the attack of the opponent’s weapon. Its creation and development was carried out by Scottish Highlanders from designs of smaller swords. Over the years, these swords ended up being a complement to the wealthy classes, which adorned the inside of the bowl with a red fabric, to remove that war aesthetic.
- Claymore swords: These swords stood out for their length, which could reach between 120 and 150cm respectfully. This feature gave them an advantage in keeping the enemy away as well as maneuvering it quite easily since the length of the handle allowed them to use the 2 hands. The blade was sharp on both sides, making it a lethal weapon. These swords, were wielded by the Scottish warriors in their defense of the English invasion in the s. XIII
- Sword of William Wallace: Almost aesthetically similar to claymore swords, but in this case the weapon used by the Scottish hero, was of a length of 167cm and with a weight quite inferior to the claymore. The mandoble of said sword was lined with brown leather as well as its scabbard.