History of the estoque
Due to the appearance of the first firearms, weapons such as swords ceased to be as important.
In its place appeared the estoques,wich were lighter and later had an evolution to a much lighter and much more effective weapon (the ropera sword). Therefore, the estoque passed to a second place.
The estoque used in bullfighting appears at the beginning of the 19th century, with the consolidation of bullfighting at the popular level. Currently, during the faena, a simulated estoque is used, with a thick blade and that does not cut, his purpose is to hold and accompany the cape. This avoids cuts and accidents suffered by bullfighters in the past. Once the faena is finished, the bullfighter replaces said estoque with the "original", that is the one with the sharpened tip.
Characteristics of the estoque of the bullfighters
- Blade forged entirely from premium steel.
- The tip is sharp and strong.
- Cutting only on the last two thirds of the blade.
- The blade is not entirely straight, but has a curvature at the tip. The blade should measure a maximum of 88 centimetres (from the handle to the tip)