Greek swords have been used in the most famous battles during ancient times. The most well-known warriors used them in order to defend their territories. Greek warriors preferred close combat, that's why they prefer to fight with short sword, which ones were approximately 60-75 cms long. Some warriors carried other weapons, such as, bows or spears.
Types of Greek Swords
This is a list of the most famous greek swords, the ones which made History.
- Spartan Sword: It comes from Sparta, its guard gave an excellent protection to the hand and its blade was usually a single-edge sharpened. The final part of the blade showed an extremely sharpened point, wide and double-edged. It was undoubtedly ideal to practice cutting techniques.
- Hoplite Sword: It was the one used by the citizen-soldiers in the Ancient Greece. It was shown as a short and symmetric sword, normally its final part used to be wider than its base. Its blade was double-edged and its scabbard was usually made of wood and covered in leather. Its guard was not really big that's why it gave less protection to the hand than the Spartan Sword.
- Falcata Kopis: It was curved towards its inner part, single-edged and one-handed sword. Hoplites carried it before the creation of the hoplite sword. It was also conceived as a tool for country or farm duties/works. Its guard could be open or close; giving less or more protection (respectively) to the warrior's hand.
Greek Swords characteristics
As we have previously explained, every single greek sword has a common feature: its size.
Greek swords were always short, specially designed for hand to hand combat. Progressively, greek swords have evolved. Kopis sword has become famous for its capacity for thrusting was replaced by the new hoplite sword, which one was double-edged and as good as thrusting as its predecessor.
The protection for warrior's hands has disappeared, what has supposed more space and movement freedom for warriors. All of them were one-handed, given that, the other carried (sometimes) a greek shield which covered the warrior completely.
Its scabbards were made of leather or wood, with some metal motifs (bronze or brass). Its guard and handle materials were also mainly made of brass, wood, bronze or leather. They were always seen as simple swords, although if they belong to famous warriors they contained designs and noble materials.
Greek warriors were specially known for its courage during the battle becoming the inspiration for movies, such as, Troy or 300. Those warriors became as lethal when they carried their swords as to be considered a nightmare for their enemies. We have at your disposal, the most famous greek swords replicas, for example, the one from the movie 300.
If you want to make your collection bigger, please do not hesitate to contact us.